Saturday, May 16, 2020

Terrorism Throughout the History of the United States

Terrorism in America, like America itself, is a product of the many populations, issues and conflicts that co-exist within the nation’s borders. The United States is nearly unique among nations for its ability to â€Å"contain multitudes† in relative harmony. On examination, a substantial amount of terrorism in American history is motivated by an extreme distrust of the American ideal of democracy, in which people of varied backgrounds can all claim loyalty to and the benefits of the American system. In other words, despite enormous variation in terrorism’s expression, domestic terrorism in the United States can often be explained as a violent claim over what or who is authentically American. This distrust has had various forms of expression by different groups, in different periods. Colonists Use Violence to Proclaim Independence Although the Boston Tea Party does not necessarily come to mind as an act of terrorism, the staged rebellion by colonists was meant to threaten the British into changing its policy of taxing colonist tea importers imports, while offering a tariff-free trade to its East India Tea Company. Putting the Boston Tea Party in the category of terrorism can be a useful exercise for comparing the goals and tactics of different national liberation groups, which is what the Americans--once upon a time--were. Post-Civil War Terrorism — Violent White Supremacy The first and arguably most entrenched terrorist in the United States is based in an ideology called white supremacy, which holds that white Protestant Christians are superior to other ethnicities and races and that public life should reflect this purported hierarchy. In the period before the Civil War, American social organization did, in fact, reflect a presumed white supremacy, since slavery was legal. It was only after the Civil War, when Congress and the Union military began to enforce equality between the races, that white supremacy emerged. The Ku Klux Klan grew out of this period, using a variety of means to terrorize and harm African-Americans and sympathetic whites. In 1871, they were outlawed by Congress as a terrorist group, but they have had several violent incarnations since then. The Ku Klux Klan is no longer outwardly violent, but it has many chapters and continues to spread a racist ideology today, often against immigrants. Communists and Anarchist Violence Erupts in the 1920s The Bolshevik revolution that created the Soviet Union in 1917 had a powerful effect on socialist-minded revolutionaries the world over, including in the United States. And the roaring twenties, a period of tremendous wealth building by American robber barons provided a useful background for agitators against inequality. Most of this agitation had nothing to do with terrorism — labor strikes were common, for example. But anarchist and communist violence expressed the extreme end of a mainstream rift running through American society. The resulting red scare expressed peoples terrible fear that a communist revolution could unfold on American soil. One of the first cases of terrorism to be investigated by the FBI was the 1920 bombing on Wall Street by suspected anarchists. A spate of unsolved bombings in 1920 also gave rise to the infamous Palmer Raids, a series of mass arrests of Americans of Russian and other origins. The 1920s were also a period of upsurge in KKK violence, car ried out not only against African-Americans but also against Jews, Catholics, and immigrants. Domestic Terrorism Explodes in the 1960s-1970s The expansion of plane travel beyond an elite few in the 1950s and 1960s enabled hijacking — or skyjacking, as it was known then. In the United States, flights going to and from Cuba frequently hijacked, although not always motivated by a strong political intention. This was the era, in other parts of the world, of post-colonial national liberation movements. In Algeria, in the Middle East, in Cuba, guerrilla warfare was revolutionary chic as much as it was a serious tactic. Both the serious intention and the youthful fashion took hold in the United States. American youth opposed to what they viewed as American imperialism, fueled by the ideals of civil rights for blacks, women, gays, and others, and deeply opposed to the deepening entanglement in Vietnam, turned radical. And some turned violent. Some had a relatively coherent platform, such as the Black Panthers and the Weathermen, while others, like the Symbionese Liberation Army — which, famously, kidnapped heiress Patty Hearst — were more generally in favor of something vaguely revolutionary. Right-Wing Terrorism on the Rise in the 1980s The radicalism of the 1960s and 1970s was followed by the conservatism of the Reagan era, in mainstream America. Political violence  too  took a turn to the right. In the 1980s, white supremacist and neo-Nazi groups such as Aryan Nation saw a resurgence, often among working-class white males, who perceived themselves as displaced by women, African Americans, Jews, and immigrants who benefited from new civil rights legislation. Terrorism in the name of Christianity also surged in the 1980s and 1990s. Radical groups and individuals committed to violent action to stop abortion were among the most visible. Michael Bray, head of a group called the Army of God spent four years in prison for his abortion clinic bombings in the 1980s. In 1999, the most lethal act of domestic violence to date occurred when Timothy McVeigh bombed the Alfred P. Murrah building in  Oklahoma City, killing 168 people. McVeighs stated motivation — revenge against a federal government that he viewed as intrusive and oppressive, was an extreme version of more mainstream desire among many for a smaller government. Dean Harvey Hicks, a citizen angry over his taxes, for example, created the one-man terrorist group Up the IRS, Inc. and tried to bomb IRS locations. Global terrorism comes to America The September 11,  2001  attacks by  Al Qaeda  continue to dominate the story of terrorism in the United States in the 21st century. The attacks were the first major act of global terrorism in U.S. territory. It was the culminating event of a decade of rising extremist, militant religious sentiment in many quarters of the world.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Is Schizophrenia A Chronic Mental Disease - 963 Words

Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disease of a sort which includes a disintegration in the relation between feeling, conduct, and thought. This leads to collapse discernment, wrong activities and emotions, withdrawal from reality and individual connections into dream and fancy, and a feeling of mental discontinuity. Around the globe, about seven to eight thousand people develop schizophrenia at some point in their life. The incidence of schizophrenia and severe mental illness, in general, has increased from the late 1700s until about 1950 and then started to decrease in some areas of the world (Bagney et al., 2015). Schizophrenia occurs in all ethnic groups but is less severe in third world countries. It is also less common in those who grew up in rural areas or small towns. Schizophrenia develops from a variety of influences, but ideal candidates are at risk through genetics or the prenatal habitat, which are aggravated by difficulties later in life. The problem with stating it as a genetic cause is regarding why natural selection has not eliminated the gene responsible for schizophrenia. The neurodevelopmental theory states that schizophrenia has originated with nervous system damage that develops before a person is born or in initial childhood years which is caused by either genetics o r early environment. Brain abnormalities appear in patients, who have schizophrenia, as having smaller than normal neurons and lesser than average synapses, especially in theShow MoreRelatedSchizophrenia- Mental Disorder1002 Words   |  5 Pagesthe mental breakdown that forever changed his life. On an early, extremely cold winter morning in northern Iowa, Ron walked out of the farm house in only his underwear, through the large cornfield, and down to the Yellow River that was frozen over with a thin layer of ice. Luckily, his parents caught him in time before he had fallen through the thin ice. Ron was soon rushed to a mental institution where he was observed by psychiatrists that later diagnosed him with disorganized schizophrenia. SchizophreniaRead More Schizophrenia Essay1202 Words   |  5 PagesSchizophrenia   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Schizophrenia is an extremely puzzling condition, the most chronic and disabling of the major mental illnesses. Approximately one percent of the population develops schizophrenia during their lives. With the sudden onset of severe psychotic symptoms, the individual is said to be experiencing acute schizophrenia. Psychotic means out of touch with reality, or unable to separate real from unreal experiences. Schizophrenia is a disorder characterized by loss of touch with realityRead MoreWhat is Schizophrenia?985 Words   |  4 PagesSchizophrenia is the worst of all mental health disorders because it is many severe disorders all put into one such as mood disorders and psychological disorders. It is a mental health disorder that affects a persons’ reality. When the word Schizophrenia is broken into two, schizo means â€Å"Split† and phrenia means â€Å"mind† (DeWall Myers, 2014, p.562). According to the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), about 1% of Americans have schizophrenia. Schizophrenia has many different components suchRead MoreThe Soloist Is A Film Based Upon The True Story Of Nathaniel Ayers954 Words   |  4 Pagesstory of Nathaniel Ayers, a Juilliard musical prodigy who has schizophrenia, and Steve Lopez a journalist for the Los Angeles Times, who befriended the (then) homeless Ayers when he was living on the streets of LA. Schizophrenia is a c hronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves; those who suffer from schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. The symptoms of schizophrenia fall into two categories: positive and negative. People with â€Å"positive†Read MoreMental Health And Emotional Development868 Words   |  4 PagesMental illnesses of parents pose risks to children in the family. These boys and girls are at greater risk of developing mental illnesses than other children. When both parents are mentally ill, the probability that the child can mentally ill is even greater. The risk is particularly acute when parents suffer from one or more of the following: bipolar disorder, an anxiety disorder, ADHD, schizophrenia, alcoholism or other drug abuse or depression. The risk may be genetically inherited from parentsRead MoreSymptoms And Treatments Of Schizophrenia1205 Words   |  5 PagesSchizophrenia Roughly 2.5 Million Americans have been diagnosed with a chronical brain disorder known as Schizophrenia. Most people believe schizophrenia causes people to have split personalities, but that’s not the case. The illness called Schizophrenia causes a person to hallucinate, hear voices that others can’t hear, make people believe that they are being watched, and the belief somebody is out to harm them. (Mental Health America 2015) In this paper I will write about the prevalence, whatRead MoreSchizophrenia Essay1066 Words   |  5 PagesPeople all over the world suffer from this dreadful disease, but you may be wondering what it is, what causes it, and if there are treatments? All these questions and more with be answered, but first of all, what is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by irrational thought processes. A person dealing with this debilitating illness may think that people are going to kill them, or kidnap them. Some Schizophre nics often have â€Å"voices† in their heads telling them whatRead MoreBeautiful Mind Case Study754 Words   |  4 PagesExtra Credit According to National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), Schizophrenia is defined as: a chronic and severe mental disorder that affects how a person thinks, feels, and behaves. People with schizophrenia may seem like they have lost touch with reality. Although schizophrenia is not as common as other mental disorders, the symptoms can be very disabling (National Institute of Mental Health, 2017). The thematic presence of paranoid schizophrenia in Sylvia Nasar’s â€Å"Beautiful Mind† resonatesRead MoreCulture and Schizophrenia1180 Words   |  5 PagesCulture and Schizophrenia Childhood schizophrenia is one of several types of schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a chronic psychological disorder that affects a person’s psychosis. Childhood schizophrenia is similar to adult schizophrenia, but it occurs earlier in life and has a profound impact on the attitude, behavior, and life. The child with schizophrenia may experience strange thoughts, strange feelings, and abnormal behaviors. Childhood schizophreniaRead MoreUnderstanding Schizophreni How Do You Know?870 Words   |  4 PagesUnderstanding Schizophrenia 4 Understanding Schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a disorder of varying symptoms, in fact until the current edition of the DSM-V this disorder was broken into subtypes such as catatonic, disorganized, paranoid, undifferentiated, and residual. There many facets of schizophrenia such as auditory hallucinations, delusions, social isolation, as well as intense suspicion or agitation, each of which contributed to the previous subtypes of schizophrenia. Today, individuals with

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Introduction to Management of AGL

Question: Discuss about the Introduction to Management of AGL. Answer: Introduction AGL Energy is a popular and energy leading organisation based in Australia. The organisation is highly popular among the stakeholders considering its sustainable business operation process and business practices. Most importantly, the organisation has gained huge popularity due to the offering of high-quality renewable energy generation activities. The organisation was established in the year 1837. On the other hand, Lendlease is an Australia-based leading multinational infrastructure group, which has a strong support from the stakeholders. This is acceptable that both the organisations have individuals strengths and weaknesses, but the organisations have succeeded to develop sustainable values and business objectives. Most importantly, these firms have strongly tried to meet the developed business objectives per the developed mission and vision of the organisation. This assignment will compare and contrast the mission and vision, values, corporate social responsibility practices and stakeholders of the two organisations with the help of the development of individual SMART goals to determine, whether the firms have met the objectives or not. Vision or Mission Statement of the Organisations The Vision of AGL Energy is to lead the Australian Energy market and create sustainability in the business operation processes. Apart from it, the mission of the organisation is to offer sustainable and renewable energy products and services to the target customers and business clients to a cost-effective approach. AGL Energy has strongly focused on the use of adequate and sustainable business management processes to offer high quality and renewable energy services (Pelegrini Marie, 2014). On the other hand, the vision of the Lendlease Group is to expand the global business operation management process in several emerging and developing countries by giving priority to the needs and satisfaction level of the organisations. On the other hand, the organisations also have focused on the use of adequate construction materials and resources in the business operation services to ensure a strong stakeholder support in the business operation process. However, the management of Lendlease Group always used high-quality technological resources and skilled human resources in order to offer high quality and adequate business operation performance (Trafvelin et al., 2014). Values of the Organisations Each and every organisation has its own value system (Trafvelin et al., 2014). Similarly, the management of AGL Energy organisation is strongly focused on the development of ethical and sustainable value. The first major value of the organisation is to offer high quality and differentiated renewable energy services to the target customers. On the other hand, this is also important to state that the organisational management always focuses on the use of recycled energy sources and raw materials in the manufacturing of the products and services. Lastly, the management of the organisation is also responsible for effective use of the advanced technological instruments in the manufacturing process in order to focus on increasing customer and stakeholder value (Adrichvi Yoon, 2014). On the other h, the management of the Lendlease Group is also responsible for ensuring value-added business services. The organisational management always ensures that the company is concerned about the use of secured, high quality, safe and price effective construction materials and resources in the property infrastructure development process. The organisational management places value on the needs of the customers, business clients and other stakeholders. Corporate Social Responsibilities of the Organisations The considered business operation process of AGL energy is the major example of the objective activities of CSR-drove business operation and management process. Moreover, this is also essential to state that the sustainable business outcome is also a major contributor of the firm. First of all, the management produced sustainable and renewable energy resources. It is a big example of the corporate social responsibility practice. On the other hand, the organisational management always focuses on the use of recycled natural resources, such as water and solid waste to generate energy which is regarded as an important example of the corporate social responsibility of the organisation. Moreover, the organisational management also focuses on the people's sustainability aspect by ensuring effective employment values for all employees. Employment sustainability, environmental sustainability and economical sustainability have ensured the management of the organisation to gain strong business growth effective customer support (Metcalf Benn, 2013). Similar to AGL energy corporation, the management of Lendlease Group generally focuses on the corporate social responsibility and welfare approaches in order to maintain a strong adequate business growth rate across the global industry. The organisation has improved its market share growth rate slowly and gradually through the use of sustainable CSR approaches. The organisation has always mentioned the keeping of Greenfield lscape in each and every project to maintain environmental sustainability. Moreover, this is also important for the researcher to state that the organisation has focused on the development of adequate and significant sustainable business operation techniques, such as recycling and environment-friendly business resources. On the other hand, the management of Lendlease Group also focuses on the an economic sustainability by offering the construction projects at economic price to back the purchasing power of the clients and customers (Mitchell, 2015). Stakeholders in the Corporate Statements of the Organisations The management of AGL Energy has effectively mentioned their values and relationships with the major stakeholders in the developed corporate statement (Mooman, 2012). It can be stated that the management of the organisation used to give strong value to its important external stakeholders, such as community members, business clients, customers, local agencies and government of the states as well as the country. Similarly, the organisational management has given huge value to the internal stakeholders, such as employees and board members. However, the organisational management has always mentioned the sustainability approach to meet the satisfaction and expectation level of clients and other customers (Jerone, 2013). Similar to AGL energy corporation, the top management of Lendlease Group has provided strong respect and high value to the needs and satisfaction level of the target customers in the business operation process to ensure a sustainable approach. The top management and every fact regarding the satisfaction level and dissatisfaction aspects of the target customers. The organisational management has greatly thanked the external stakeholders in the corporate statement for the support (Chen Huang, 2011). Moreover, the organisational management has strongly focused on the development and effective employee centric strategies in the business operation process. SMART Goals of the Organisations SMART Goals can be considered as a specific goal development process, which can help an organisation to maintain success in the global business operation process. SMART goals comprised of specific, measurable, realistic, attainable and timely goals (Beugelsdijk, 2010). In terms of AGL Energy, the organisational management will focus on the further improvement in pricing strategy. The cost-based pricing strategy is motivating the firms to charge a high price for certain services, which is causing a drop in sales growth rate. The specific objective of the organisation would be to attain a 25 percent sales growth rate in the year 2017 comparing to the last year. In terms of measurable growth, the management of AGL Energy company should improve the client base by more 1,00,000 clients in next financial year. In terms of attainable, strong and effective promotional activities should be considered by integrating online social media approach. In terms of the realistic goal, the organisation should focus on the global expansion strategy in nearby countries. Lastly, the organisation needs to meet all the above-developed objectives in the next 36 months (Edwards et al., 2013). On the other hand, Lendlease Group is a reputed firm in global property infrastructure service providing industry. In terms of the specific goals, the organisation should improve the brand awareness activities by investing in marketing approaches. In terms of measurable goals, the management of Lendlease Group should try to increase the market share by 20 percent across the globe. In terms of realistic goals, the management of Lendlease Group should focus on the development of a strong client base of 1 million business clients. In terms of achievable goals, the organisational management will look to lead the global marketplace. In terms of timely approach, the organisational management needs to meet the above-developed goals in the next 48 months from now (Jansen Samuel, 2014). Believable Value Addition However, the developed SMART goal is believable for the management of AGL energy. This is highly important to state that the organisational management is trying to improve its pricing strategy and the consideration of cost leadership strategy will help the management of the firm to meet the developed objectives. In an addition, it will also act as value added service as getting of renewable energy resources can help an organisation to ensure significant growth rate across the globe (Coultere Hancke, 2016). Apart from it, this is also recommended that the organisation should go for more global expansion activities in order to take care of the business s growth rate and market share growth rate. This will also help the management of AGL Energy to meet the developed vision statement (Johns, 2005). On the other hand, the management of Lendlease Group is focusing on the development of effective promotional approaches to take care of effective awareness of the new services and products. On the other hand, the management of the organisation should also focus on the development and implication of effective and significant implication of the customer base development approach will assist the management of the organisation to take care of the needs of the stakeholders and shareholders of the organisation. Hence, both the organisations should look for sustainability in the business operation process (Denisi Smith, 2014). Conclusion In terms of the contrast and comparison, it can be stated that the organizational managements of AGL Energy Corporation and Lendlease Group have similar types of approaches in the business operation process as both the organizations are strongly focusing on the development and enhancement of three types of sustainability in the business operation process, such as economic sustainability, environmental sustainability and social sustainability. On the other hand, this is also identified from the above-mentioned approaches that the organisational managements of both the organisations are trying to offer high-quality products as well as services to the target customers by integrating effective and sustainable business operation resources. In terms of only differences, it can be stated that the top management of AGL Energy Corporation is focusing on the development and implication of the effective and significant pricing approach to improve the sales growth. On the other hand, Lendlease Group is trying to improve marketing approaches for strong brand awareness. References Ardichvii, A., Yoon, W. S. (2014). Designing Integrative Knowledge Management Systems: Theoretical Considerations Practical Applications. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 11(3), 307-320. Beugelsdijk, S. (2010). Strategic Human Resource Practices Product Innovation. Organization Studies, 29(8), 820-847. Chen, C., Huang, J. (2011).. Strategic human resource practices innovation performance-The mediating role of knowledge management capacity. 62(1), 104-114. Coulter, S. Hanck, B. (2016) . A bonfire of the regulations, or business as usual? The UK labour market the political economy of Brexit. The Political Quarterly, 87(2), pp. 148-156. DeNisi, A. Smith, C. (2014). Performance appraisal, performance management, firm-level performance: a review, a proposed model, new directions for future research. The Academy of Management Annals, 8(1), pp. 127-179. Edwards, G., Elliott, C., Iszatt-White, M. Schedlitzki, D. (2013). Critical alternative approaches to leadership learning development. Management Learning, 44(1), pp. 3-10. Jansen, A. Samuel, M. (2014). Achievement of organisational goals motivation of middle level managers within the context of the two-factor theory. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 5(16), pp. 53-96. Jerome, N. (2013). Application of the Maslows hierarchy of need theory; impacts implications on organizational culture, human resource employees performance. International Journal of Business Management Invention, 2(3), pp. 39-45. Johns, G. (2005). Operation managementBehavior at Contemporary Era. A Journal of Strategic Management Approaches, 12(8), 7. Metcalf, L. Benn, S. (2013). Leadership for sustainability: An evolution of leadership ability. Journal of Business Ethics, 112(3), pp. 369-384. Mitchell, R. (2015). If there is a job description I dont think Ive read one: a case study of programme leadership in a UK pre-1992 university. Journal of Further Higher Education, 39(5), pp. 713-732. Mooman, L. (2012). Business Culture. A Journal of Occupational Organizational management, 1(1), 17. Pelegrini, M. P., Marie B. C. (2014). Trust tokens in team development. Team Performance Management, 20(1/2), pp. 39-64. Tafvelin, S., Hyvnen, U. Westerberg, K. (2014). Transformational leadership in the social work context: The importance of leader continuity co-worker support. British Journal of Social Work, 44(4), pp. 886-904.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Othello - Readings free essay sample

Othello, a Shakespearean tragedy, is about how jealousy and hubris shape the destruction of the protagonist, Othello. Iago, Othello’s right hand aide, is a cunning, jealous character and brings about Othello’s downfall through his clever manipulations to all the characters in the play, especially Othello. Iago’s manipulations of Othello conform to the post-colonial reading and the features of an Aristotelian tragedy. The post-colonial reading focuses on the marginalised group, referred to as ‘the other’. The other’, due to their different ethnic backgrounds, are perceived as inferior. The Aristotelian tragedy is about a patriarchal society containing a tragic hero the tragic hero is portrayed as a powerful, respected person with a fatal flaw, his hubris. His hubris leads to his ultimate, inevitable downfall. Through the post-colonial reading, Iago takes advantage of Othello’s ethnic background and feeling of difference from the whole Ve netian society. Othello trusts Iago to advise him about Venice. We will write a custom essay sample on Othello Readings or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page In Act 3 Scene 3, after Iago reminds Othello of Desdemona’s disobedience to her father, Iago poisons Othello’s mind by saying that his wife, Desdemona, is unfaithful to him as she is having an affair with someone else. He says that Desdemona would be dissatisfied and bored by staying with a black, old Moor and that she would want to sleep with another man. Her will †¦ may fall to match you with her country forms and happily repent. He justifies his statement by asserting his knowledge about his Venetian culture and takes advantage of Othello’s ignorance of Venetian culture. I know our country disposition well. In Venice, they do let God see the pranks they dare not show their husbands. Their best conscience is to keep’t unknown. Iago suggests to Othello that Desdemona’s lover is a white man (Florentine) named Cassio. Look to your wife, observe her well with Cassio. This results in Othello’s insecurity and doubtfulness over his relationship with Desdemona and questions his wife’s fidelity. He feels neglected and abused by his wife due to his African race. He perceives his race as inferior and a factor in Desdemona’s resentment and infidelity towards himself. Another issue from the post-colonial reading is that racism is against Othello. Animalistic imagery is used to show Venetian society’s racist thoughts against blacks. An example of this is when Iago and Rodrigo use racist language to describe Othello and their disgust in Othello having sex with Desdemona. You’ll have your daughter covered with a Barbary horse†¦ the black ram is tupping your white ewe. Through the Aristotelian tragedy reading, Othello’s egocentricity, arrogance and jealousy are the presiding factors of his destruction. Othello feels that his wife is unfaithful and has slept with another man, Cassio. His weak-mindedness and arrogance leads to Iago deceiving him and controlling him saying that Desdemona has sinned through cheating Othello and needs to be punished. Iago says and to see how he prizes the foolish woman your wife; she gave it him and he hath given it his whore. Othello feels conflicted and is in a dilemma. He still loves his wife when he says I would have Cassio nine years a-killing †¦ a fine woman, a fair woman, a sweet woman. Iago provokes Othello and incenses him with arrogance and rage as shown in if you are so fond over her iniquity; give her patent to offend for if it touch not you, it comes near nobody. Iago says that Othello can forgive Desdemona’s evil deeds if he adores very much. Instantly, Othello is furious and his hatred of Desdemona increases in his heart. I will chop her into messes. Cuckold me! He does not want to hear any truth from Desdemona as he is arrogant and vain, thinking that the ‘honest’ Iago’s suggestions and advice is for Othello’s welfare. Othello’s hubris is further demonstrated to a greater extent when he strangles Desdemona in her bed. He is proud and vain thinking that the handkerchief is enough proof that Desdemona is has faithlessness to her husband. Desdemona protests and in a respectful, polite manner, she begs him to stop and listen to her statements. However, despite Desdemona’s countless pleas, Othello brutally smothers her in his feelings of rage, ignorance, jealousy and arrogance. (Desdemona): I never did offend you in my life; never loved Cassio. Othello): O Perjured woman! Thou dost stone my heart. I saw the handkerchief in his hand. (Desdemona): I never gave it to him. Othello shows his vanity and cruelty to Desdemona by outlining his capability in killing Cassio as revenge. Had all his hairs been lives, my great revenge had stomach for them all. This leads to Othello’s madness and desperateness in killing those who have abused and mocked him. He does not wish to spare anybody becau se his hubris facilitates him to kill the innocent ones without question. Othello: Out, strumpet! Desdemona: Banish me my lord, but kill me not. Othello: Down, Strumpet! (He smothers her) Othello’s ruthlessness and hubris energise him to throttle his wife, ignoring her desperate pleas. He is vain and ignorant as he thinks that he knows and controls his wife’s fate. Overall, Iago has manipulated Othello. This action leads to Othello’s ultimate destruction under the Aristotelian tragedy readings. For the post-colonial readings, Iago takes advantage of Othello’s race, as he conforms to ‘the other’, to destroy him.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Microwave Radiation Definition

Microwave Radiation Definition Microwave radiation is a type of electromagnetic radiation. The prefix micro- in microwaves doesnt mean microwaves have micrometer wavelengths, but rather that microwaves have very small wavelengths compared with traditional radio waves (1 mm to 100,000 km wavelengths). In the electromagnetic spectrum, microwaves fall between infrared radiation and radio waves. Frequencies Microwave radiation has a frequency between 300 MHz and 300 GHz (1 GHz to 100 GHz in radio engineering) or a wavelength ranging from 0.1 cm to 100 cm. The range includes the SHF (super high frequency), UHF (ultra high frequency) and EHF (extremely high frequency or millimeter waves) radio bands. While lower frequency radio waves can follow the contours of the Earth and bounce off layers in the atmosphere, microwaves only travel line-of-sight, typically limited to 30-40 miles on the Earths surface. Another important property of microwave radiation is that its absorbed by moisture. A phenomenon called rain fade occurs at the high end of the microwave band. Past 100 GHz, other gases in the atmosphere absorb the energy, making air opaque in the microwave range, although transparent in the visible and infrared region. Band Designations Because microwave radiation encompasses such a broad wavelength/frequency range, it is subdivided into IEEE, NATO, EU or other radar band designations: Band Designation Frequency Wavelength Uses L band 1 to 2 GHz 15 to 30 cm amateur radio, mobile phones, GPS, telemetry S band 2 to 4 GHz 7.5 to 15 cm radio astronomy, weather radar, microwave ovens, Bluetooth, some communication satellites, amateur radio, cell phones C band 4 to 8 GHz 3.75 to 7.5 cm long-distance radio X band 8 to 12 GHz 25 to 37.5 mm satellite communications, terrestrial broadband, space communications, amateur radio, spectroscopy Ku band 12 to 18 GHz 16.7 to 25 mm satellite communications, spectroscopy K band 18 to 26.5 GHz 11.3 to 16.7 mm satellite communications, spectroscopy, automotive radar, astronomy Ka band 26.5 to 40 GHz 5.0 to 11.3 mm satellite communications, spectroscopy Q band 33 to 50 GHz 6.0 to 9.0 mm automotive radar, molecular rotational spectroscopy, terrestrial microwave communication, radio astronomy, satellite communications U band 40 to 60 GHz 5.0 to 7.5 mm V band 50 to 75 GHz 4.0 to 6.0 mm molecular rotational spectroscopy, millimeter wave research W band 75 to 100 GHz 2.7 to 4.0 mm radar targeting and tracking, automotive radar, satellite communication F band 90 to 140 GHz 2.1 to 3.3 mm SHF, radio astronomy, most radars, satellite tv, wireless LAN D band 110 to 170 GHz 1.8 to 2.7 mm EHF, microwave relays, energy weapons, millimeter wave scanners, remote sensing, amateur radio, radio astronomy Uses Microwaves are used primarily for communications, include analog and digital voice, data, and video transmissions. They are also used for radar (RAdio Detection and Ranging) for weather tracking, radar speed guns, and air traffic control. Radio telescopes use large dish antennas to determine distances, map surfaces, and study radio signatures from planets, nebulas, stars, and galaxies. Microwaves are used to transmit thermal energy to heat food and other materials. Sources Cosmic microwave background radiation is a natural source of microwaves. The radiation is studied to help scientists understand the Big Bang. Stars, including the Sun, are natural microwave sources. Under the right conditions, atoms and molecules can emit microwaves. Man-made sources of microwaves include microwave ovens, masers, circuits, communication transmission towers, and radar. Either solid state devices or special vacuum tubes may be used to produce microwaves. Examples of solid-state devices include masers (essentially lasers where the light is in the microwave range), Gunn diodes, field-effect transistors, and IMPATT diodes. The vacuum tube generators use  electromagnetic fields to direct electrons in a density-modulated mode, where groups of electrons pass through the device rather than a stream. These devices include the klystron, gyrotron, and magnetron. Health Effects Microwave radiation is called radiation because it radiates outward and not because its either radioactive or ionizing in nature. Low levels of microwave radiation are not known to produce adverse health effects. However, some studies indicate long-term exposure may act as a carcinogen. Microwave exposure can cause cataracts, as dielectric heating denatures proteins in the eyes lens, turning it milky. While all tissues are susceptible to heating, the eye is particularly vulnerable because it doesnt have blood vessels to modulate temperature. Microwave radiation is associated with the microwave auditory effect, in which microwave exposure produces buzzing sounds and clicks. This is caused by thermal expansion within the inner ear. Microwave burns can occur in deeper tissue- not just on the surface- because microwaves are more readily absorbed by tissue that contains a lot of water. However, lower levels of exposure produce heat without burns. This effect may be used for a variety of purposes. The United States military uses millimeter waves to repel targeted persons with uncomfortable heat. As another example, in 1955, James Lovelock reanimated frozen rats using microwave diathermy.   Reference Andjus, R.K.; Lovelock, J.E. (1955). Reanimation of rats from body temperatures between 0 and 1  °C by microwave diathermy. The Journal of Physiology. 128 (3): 541–546.

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

Current Recalls and Alerts Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Current Recalls and Alerts - Research Paper Example The public health alert is due to infectious outbreak from the seven Salmonella strains. The FSIS illustrates that the illness due to Salmonella Heidelberg strains are related to the raw chicken products of Foster Farms in the three California facilities. The products were majorly distributed to the Washington, California and Oregon state outlets. The alert has been issued due to the approximately 278 illnesses identified in the 18 states with a huge concentration in California. There are several key facts and also similarity in the two recall scenarios. In both cases, the public health alerts were issued by the United States Department of Agriculture, through the Food Safety and Inspection Services (FSIS). The agency is responsible for ensuring that all food products distributed in the United States are fit for consumption. There is a common factor in the outbreak of the health hazard. The common cause is the Salmonella strain outbreak. Nutrion LLC was uncooperative in efforts to ensure healthy egg products. The business allegedly illustrated forged the laboratory results to illustrate a negative lab test for Salmonella. The company also explained that sampling took place; however, it was proven that no microbial test took place. Foster Farms was linked to the Salmonella Heidelberg outbreak through the epidemiologic and laboratory analysis done by the state and the federal staffs. The FSIS policy is not too restrictive on the processed egg products produced by Nutriom LLC and the chicken products from the Three Foster farms. This is because it is the sole responsibility of the agency to safeguard public health in the entire United States. Thus, the restrictions in the food processing sector should be adequate to ensure strict compliance of public health standards. The agency should engage in periodic monitoring and inspection activities on all food processing plants, to minimize the outbreak of health infections

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Jeri Caldwell at Moex, INC Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Jeri Caldwell at Moex, INC - Assignment Example rt from that, others like Jeff Fairbanks, Bonita Harriman and Rafford Marshall feel being subjected to colorblind referring to conforming to the mainstream or dominant group way and feel pressured to give up their unique way of speaking, dressing, religion or relating to one another by the minority group (Robins, Judge and Vohra, 56). The minority group at MOEX is also experiencing exclusion discrimination as they feel they are treated like outsiders in the company. The problems are coming from the past behavior that is unfair discrimination practices of the company, insufficient affirmative action to correct the past discrimination and ineffective diversity management. Also the conservative culture of MOEX, in comparison with other high-tech firms, low representation of minorities in the workforce due to company’s inability to attract and retain diverse people and its reputation in color communities of being unsupportive and sometimes hostile attitude towards colored people are leading to the problems of discrimination and colorblindness. Apart from that, the discriminatory behavior of dominant group that is stereotyping the color people, ethnocentrism and non-inclusion of minorities are also contributing to the problem of discrimination. To tackle the problem of unfair discrimination the simplest method is using legislation and affirmative action. However legal approaches are effective only after the event of discrimination as they do not exactly specify how discrimination can be prevented (Crane and Matten, 275). It is also clear from the case that MOEX has taken steps towards changing its past behavior with respect to discrimination by recruiting diverse employees. However its strategy was not effective and it also failed to retain diverse employees. It is in the hands of the management and its policies can avoid the occurrence of discrimination, colorblind and exclusion. MOEX by implementing the following diversity management strategies can effectively